Database software, also known as database management software, can be classified into niche groups, such as relational and non-relational databases. Both categories of databases are commonly used to store customer data, product information, financial figures, and other business details. Developers who need database software on a budget can check out the best free database software in 2022 for database solution.

What is database software?

There are several types of databases, which are often used for specific purposes. Some store specific types of files, while others are easier to scale or integrate. All of them, however, are used to store various types of data. This data may be used for internal business purposes, for customer-facing applications, or simply to be stored for future reference.

Relational databases are traditional database tools used to align information in rows and columns. The structure allows a simple query using SQL. Relational databases are used to store simple information, such as identities and contact information, but also complex information critical to business operations. They are highly scalable and can be stored on premise, in the cloud, or using hybrid systems.

With document databases, users can store a wide variety of document types and sizes, efficiently organize files, search to locate a specific file, and maintain document security. Graphical databases help do a lot of this, but they also visually map data connections, create a topographic diagram, and query the data using various query languages. Object-oriented databases are used to store more complex data in the form of blocks containing various attributes, metadata and libraries.

Why use database software?

There are many reasons for using databases, many of which are specific to your goal or industry. The technical specifications required for a possible database solution depend heavily on its use. A company’s analytics warehouse must be optimized to store large amounts of data and run many complex queries. A web application backend will be designed for fast reading and writing to support the necessary speed of web traffic. The same database is probably not capable of doing both well. Knowing the intended purpose and possible future use cases will help you determine your needs and narrow the scope of your investigation.

Applications – Database integration for applications can add significant functionality to a company’s offerings. This can take the form of simple access to information or the provision of real-time data to employees and users.

Analysis – Databases are the most common source of information used for a variety of analytical purposes. Businesses can store records of financial transactions or performance metrics and gain insight through in-depth analysis. They can also be used to process complex information, to monitor marketing effectiveness, or just about anything your business hopes to analyze.

Organization – Databases are often used to centralize data in a single, dedicated repository that allows business users to easily retrieve information. This can help create backend support for apps that are easily searchable and compatible with developer code. You can also improve business processes and information sharing by using a single source of truth.

Who uses the database software?

Database Administrators: Modern information technology has hit businesses with a data tidal wave. From demographics or user behavior to sales effectiveness and expectations, a large amount of data can be expensive, complicated, and intimidating. But all hope is not lost. From database as a service (DBaaS) solutions to big data processing, the technology is here to help. If you are a database administrator looking for new tools, usually the need is for too much data and too little information. Meanwhile, some database administrators may have a system in place but there is not enough data to get information. Database administrators face many challenges. Fortunately, there are many solutions available to help DBAs control the entire data lifecycle. Existing tools to collect, organize, consolidate and secure all the data in your system.

Data Scientists: Data scientists are tasked with classifying large sets of data and turning their results into actionable business insights. This complex task requires a unique combination of skills including computer programming, business acumen, knowledge of machine learning, and advanced math and statistics. The wide range of capabilities required means that there is no single software that provides everything a data scientist needs to take care of their daily lives. Instead, data scientists need to create a backlog of products that can help provide insight into the data. These tools provide features like data warehousing, data access, dataset-based modeling, and tedious process automation.

Types of database software

Relational databases: Relational databases, or SQL databases, are used to store and manage data in traditional table formats by organizing information in rows and columns. These databases are some of the oldest and most widely used database tools today. The tools centralize data in a single, dedicated repository that facilitates information retrieval for business users. They can also create backend support for their applications that is easily searchable and compatible with developer’s code.

NoSQL databases: NoSQL databases are alternatives to traditional relational databases. They generally take the form of graphical databases, documentary databases or object-oriented databases. Businesses use NoSQL databases for faster deployment times, greater flexibility, and faster data recovery. Other types of NoSQL databases include relational database tools and desktop database tools. Developers who need an affordable database solution can look for free database software.

Non-native database management systems – Non-native database management software allows users outside the organization to insert and retrieve data. Some believe it improves data related to accumulated human knowledge. These tools provide features like data warehousing, data access, dataset-based modeling, and tedious process automation.

Best 5 Database Software in 2022

Here is the best database software list, with popular features and download links. This list of comparison database names contains open source tools that may have the freemium functionality of Top Free database.

1) InterBase

InterBase is a comprehensive, high-performance, scalable, lightweight, embeddable, and encrypted relational database that can be integrated into applications on Android, iOS, Windows, OS X, Linux, and Solaris.

Platforms: Windows, iOS, macOS, Android, Linux

Languages: Java, C, C++, . NET, Delphi, Object Pascal, PHP and Ruby.


  • Security: Cross-platform encryption, independent security login, reduced risk exposure, role-based user security, encrypted backups
  • No administrator: near zero maintenance, rapid disaster recovery, disaster recovery
  • Endurance: Live backups, distinguished data dumps, fast restores, write-ahead log, point-in-time recovery
  • Efficiency: journalless replication, secure data change subscriptions, better change tracking, role-based user security, early recovery of data deltas
  • Flexibility: multilingual support, cross-platform support, server data storage, client data storage, single disk format
  • Lightweight – Small footprint, fast setup, faster data, write-ahead log

2) Microsoft SQL

SQL Server is an RDBMS developed by Microsoft. SQL Server supports ANSI SQL, which is the standard Structured Query Language (SQL). However, SQL Server ships with its implementation of the SQL language, T-SQL (Transact-SQL).

Platform: Docker Engine, Ubuntu, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

Languages: C, C++, Java, and C#

Cloud Version: Yes


  • It enables the integration of structured and unstructured data with the power of SQL Server and Spark.
  • The tool offers scalability, performance and availability for critical and intelligent applications, data warehouses and data lakes.
  • It offers advanced security features to protect your data.
  • Access to rich and interactive Power BI reports, to make better and faster decisions.

3) MySQL

In 1995, two software engineers, Michael Widenius and David Axmark, created the open source relational database management system (RDBMS) MySQL. Since its inception, MySQL has quickly become popular in industry and the community for its enterprise-level features, Free Flexible Community License (GPL), and updated commercial license. Among open source databases, while PostgreSQL focuses on innovation and advanced functionality, MySQL focuses on robustness, stability and maturity.
Today, MySQL is one of the most popular and widely used SQL databases. It is also one of the most used databases in web applications. Some of the largest web applications in the world (eg Facebook, Uber) use MySQL.

Platform: Linux, Windows, and Mac.

Languages: C, Java, SQL, C++, Perl, Python, Tcl, and PHP.

Cloud Version: Yes


  • This open source database tool offers scalability and flexibility
  • This free SQL database tool has the advantages of the web and data warehouse.
  • Provides high performance
  • This free database software for Windows 10 supports transactions

Verdict: MySQL can be used for packaged software, and business-critical systems and high-volume websites.

4) Oracle

When Edgar F. Codd published his groundbreaking article “A Relational Data Model for Large Shared Databases” (1970) on the Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), it completely changed the landscape of data systems. database. The article particularly inspired a young software engineer, Larry Ellison (current CTO of Oracle Corporation). He then created the world’s first commercially available RDBMS system from Oracle in 1979. Since then, Oracle has remained the leading commercial RDBMS system and masters Unix and Linux systems. Over the past 41 years, Oracle has evolved over time and contributed to innovations in RDBMS and database systems as a whole.

Currently, Oracle is the first commercially supported database and one of the widely used RDBMS in general. Its latest version (21.c) added many innovative features that will make it an attractive option for years to come.

Platform: Windows and Linux

Languages: C++, COBOL, C, Java, Visual Basic, and Pl/SQL.

Cloud Version: Yes


  • Patented RDBMS.
  • Offers an ACID transactional guarantee. In terms of CAP, it offers immediate consistency as a single server.
  • Advanced multi-model databases that support structured data (SQL), semi-structured data (JSON, XML), spatial data, and RDF storage. Offers a multiple access model based on a specific data model
  • Offers Blockchain tables.
  • Supports OLTP and OLAP workloads.

Verdict: Oracle database stores and retrieve information. Database server solves the problem related to information management.

5) PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL is an enterprise-class, open source database management system. It is one of the best free databases that supports both SQL for relational queries and JSON for non-relational queries. It is backed by a community of experienced developers who have done a lot to make it very reliable database management software.

Platform: Mac, Windows, and Linux.

Languages: PL/Tcl, PL/pgSQL, PL/Python, and PL/Perl.

Cloud Version: No.


  • Supports multiple platforms using all major languages ​​and middleware
  • Backup server and high availability
  • The tool has mature server-side scheduling functionality
  • Log-based and trigger-based replication SSL.
  • Offers the most sophisticated locking mechanism.
  • Support for concurrency control of multiple versions
  • It supports the client-server network architecture.
  • The tool is object oriented and conforms to ANSI-SQL2008
  • PostgreSQL allows linking with other data stores such as NoSQL, which act as a federated hub for multilingual databases.

Verdict: PostgreSQL allows you to create custom data types and a variety of query methods. You can run a store procedure in different programming languages.

How to choose the best database software?

You should consider the following factors when choosing the best database software:

  • Support for structured and unstructured data types
  • Security functions
  • Integration with other software
  • Scalability
  • Performance
  • User interface and navigation
  • Support for multiple operating systems and frameworks
  • Server administration and server reports
  • Personalization features


In this list, I have shown five databases to use in 2022. RDBMS systems dominate the list. MySQL and PostgreSQL are the leaders in open source and free databases, closely followed by MS SQL. MariaDB compatible with MySQL is becoming more and more popular.

Among commercial databases, Oracle has added many value-added features in its latest release and has taken a big step forward.

The list is not exhaustive and many important database types might not be on the main list, such as NewSQL databases or cloud native databases. But it will provide a high-level snapshot of major databases by 2022.

Which database is fastest?

Cameron Purdy, a former Oracle executive and a Java evangelist explains what made NoSQL type database fast compared to relational SQL based databases. According to Purdy, for ad hoc queries, joins, updates, relational databases tend to be faster than “NoSQL type databases” for most use cases.

What is the best database for large data?

MongoDB is also considered to be the best database for large amounts of text and the best database for large data.

What are 3 database examples?

Some examples of popular database software or DBMSs include MySQL, Microsoft Access, Microsoft SQL Server, FileMaker Pro, Oracle Database, and dBASE.

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